Wheat acreage surges 25% from last year; but weather remains a concern


The area under jumped 25 per cent during the week ended December 9 compared to the same period last year. This comes as farmers brought more area under the crop in anticipation of better returns.

Record high prices and hope that markets will remain favourable for in the next few months due to dwindling stocks in government granaries and with private traders boosted sentiment, traders said.

According to the latest data from the agriculture ministry, till Friday, has been sown in around 25.57 million hectares. During the same period last year, it was 20.39 million hectares. In total, wheat is usually sown in around 30-31 million hectares of land.

However, below par winters so far in North India and rising temperatures during the daytime remains a concern. This is more so with the (IMD) predicting a warmer-than-normal winter in the north this year.

According to some reports, wheat needs around 14-15 degree Celsius temperature in the daytime during its growing stages. In case the temperatures are higher, there are chances of yields going down

“Wheat markets will remain bullish for the coming few months. Farmers feel that there will be very good demand for their produce once it starts hitting the market due to near absence of pipeline stocks with traders. However, the only concern here is the weather,” Rahul Chauhan, commodity analyst at iGrain India told Business Standard.

He also said that during this time of the year (December), the wheat crop needs fog, mist and cold weather, but this year, it is still warm during the day.


Overall, traders are confident that total acreage will be 10-15 per cent more than the previous years. However, whether it translates into a bumper harvest depends on the climatological conditions in the coming months.

Last year, India’s annual dropped significantly due to sudden rise in temperatures just ahead of harvesting.

Meanwhile, data showed that acreage of all other crops, be it gram or mustard, has been higher than last year.

The area covered under mustard till December 9 is around 8.92 per cent more than the same period last year. Under gram, it is around 2.52 per cent more than the same period last year.

Meanwhile, agriculture minister Narendra Singh Tomar — in a written reply in Parliament — said that the average wholesale price of wheat rose 22 per cent across India to Rs 2,721 per quintal in November. It was Rs 2,228 per quintal in January 2022.

“The prices of agricultural produce, including wheat, are determined by the demand and supply conditions in the market and international prices, among others,” Tomar said. The Centre had imposed a ban on wheat exports in May to control prices.

The minister said that last year had declined marginally from 109.59 million tonnes in 2020-21 to 106.84 million tonnes in 2021-22.

The all-India yields of wheat declined in 2021-22 to 3,507 kg/hectare from 3,521 kg/hectare in 2020-21.

This was due to a severe heat wave during March-April 2022 in major wheat-growing states like Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan.


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